Diaper dermatitis

Diaper dermatitis

Chris Schach

Author Bio -

 

Key Points
*Skin condition affecting the skin folds of the body
*May be caused by infection or pre-existing skin conditions
*Symptoms predicated on the cause of the condition

Intertrigo refers to the development of a rash in the skin folds of the body, due to high skin temperature, moisture, and friction in the areas of effect. The symptoms it presents are often predicated on the cause of the condition. Anyone may be affected by Intertrigo, though overweight persons are at an increased risk for its development.

Intertrigo can be caused by many factors. Bacterial, fungal and yeast infections, as well as pre-existing skin conditions can lead to its development, in addition to blistering skin conditions and rare genetic diseases. Thrush, a yeast infection, presents as peeling which skin, which is moist and surrounded by pustules. Erythrasma infection consists of brown patches on the skin which are persistent. Athlete's foot affects the folds in the toe, which crack, peel and blister. Folliculitis, an infection of the hair follicle, presents as painful spots, red in color, forming on the follicle. Skin conditions such as Psoriasis and several forms of Dermatitis may also contribute to the development of Intertrigo.

Differential Diagnosis (Other conditions with similar appearance)


    Granuloma Gluteale Infantum
    Acrodermatitis enteropathica
    Impetigo
    Candidiasis, Mucosal
    Lymphogranuloma venereum
    Contact Dermatitis
    Erythrasma
     

    Diagnosis
    Key Points
    *Diagnosis based on appearance of the affected area
    *Biopsies, scrapings and other tests may be performed to determine the causal agent and to rule out other conditions

    Intertrigo is generally diagnosed based on the appearance of the affected area. Biopsies, scrapings, and other testing may be performed to determine the causal agent and to rule out other conditions.

    Treatment
    *Treatment predicated on causal agent
    *Goal of treatment is the elimination of the causal agent and alleviation of symptoms

    Treatment of Intertrigo is predicated on the causal agent. Once this is determined, health care professionals may plot out the proper course of treatment. In cases due to sweating and heat, use of a mild antiperspirant is recommended. Bacterial infections will be treated with antiobiotics and Fungal infections with anti-fungal medication. In cases related to pre-existing skin conditions, treatments include use of Topical steroids and/or calcineurin inhibitors.

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