Jessner lymphocytic infiltrate

Jessner lymphocytic infiltrate

Chris Schach

Author Bio -

 

Key Points
*Uncommon skin disorder
*Cause unknown
*May exhibit remissions in some cases
*Consists of reddish nodules or plaques on the neck, upper back, and face

Jessner lymphocytic infiltrate is an uncommon skin disorder which often affects the neck, upper back, or face. The condition begins with red, elevated lesions which enlarge as the condition progresses to form well-defined plaques. In some cases the lesion center may remain clear. While the lesions are typically asymptomatic, some affected persons may experience itching or burning in the affected area. Additionally, affected persons may exhibit periodic remissions and exacerbations during the course of the condition.

It is unknown what causes Jessner lymphocytic infiltrate. With variable seasonal activity (i.e., affected persons see a deterioration during the winter months), it is though that the condition may be related to sun exposure.

Differential Diagnosis (Other conditions with similar appearance)
Granuloma annulare
Granuloma faciale
Lupus erythematosus tumidus
Gyrate erythema

Diagnosis
Key Points
*Initial diagnosis based on appearance of the affected area
*Skin Biopsy will be performed to confirm the diagnosis and rule out other conditions

Jessner lymphocytic infiltrate is initially diagnosed based on the appearance of the affected area. A skin biopsy will be performed to confirm the diagnosis and rule out other conditions.

Treatment
*Resolves spontaneously, often without treatment, over several months or years
*Resolved areas may be prone to recurrence
*When necessary, goal of treatment is alleviation of symptoms

Typically, Jessner lymphocytic infiltrate will resolve on its own, without treatment, over several months or years, though resolved areas are prone to experiencing recurrence of the disorder. There are several treatments with varying success rates, that may be used to treat Jessner lymphocytic infiltrate, including topical and injected corticosteroids, antimalarials, photochemotherapy, and radiotherapy. It is recommended that affected persons take precautions to protect the skin from sun exposure.

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